1301 20th Street, Suite 300, Santa Monica, CA 90404

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Head & Neck Oncology 2

Click on a topic below to learn more:

Cancer of the Nose and Sinuses Removal of Cervical Lymph Nodes and Neck Dissection
Cancer of the Mouth and Throat Nasal and Laryngeal Endoscopy
Cancer of the Larynx Fine Needle Biopsy
Parotid and Submandibular Gland Tumors Ultrasound Guided Biopsy
Facial Skin Cancer Endoscopic Guided Biopsy
Tumors of the Ear and Temporal Bone Imaging Studies

Facial Skin Cancer Treatment

p-iStock_000005576366XSmallSkin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States and involves abnormal growths of skin cells that can form anywhere on the body, but most frequently appear on skin that is exposed to the sun, such as the face. There are three major types of skin cancer that affect the associated layers of the skin. Squamous cell carcinoma affects the squamous cells, which are just below the outer surface of the skin and serve as the inner lining. Basal cell carcinoma affects the basal cells, which lay under the squamous cells and produce new skin cells. Melanoma is the most serious form of skin cancer and affects the melanocytes, which produce melanin.

Medical attention is necessary after noticing any changes to the skin, as early detection is valuable in successfully treating skin cancer. Regular full body screening is recommended as well. A biopsy is usually performed to accurately diagnose suspected cancerous growths. If not treated properly, skin cancer can spread to other areas of the body.

  • Contact us to learn more about Facial Skin Cancer.

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Tumors of the Ear and Temporal Bone Treatment

The temporal bone is a portion of the skull located above the ear. Tumors may develop within the ear or temporal bone, often originating as skin cancer caused by years of sun exposure, or may form within the ear canal. Basal skin carcinoma and squamous cell cancer are the most common types of ear and temporal bone tumors.

Ear tumors are white bumps that appear on the outside of the ear, which can spread to the temporal bone if left untreated. Patients with ear or temporal bone tumors typically experience ear pain and discharge from the ear canal. If the tumor spreads to the temporal bone, it can also cause hearing loss, dizziness and facial paralysis. A biopsy of ear and/or temporal bone tumors is taken to determine whether or not they are cancerous. If cancer is detected, the tumor(s) must be surgically removed to keep it from spreading, and a customized treatment plan will be devised to prevent recurrence.

  • Contact us to learn more about Tumors of the Ear and Temporal Bone.

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Removal of Cervical Lymph Nodes and Neck Dissection

p-iStock_000005444616XSmallMany cases of head and neck cancer metastasize, or spread, through the neck or cervical lymph nodes. While these metastasized cells are sometimes large enough to be detected through imaging exams, they are often microscopic and therefore undetectable through traditional modalities. Neck dissection is a surgical procedure performed to remove the lymph nodes that are either confirmed or suspected to contain cancerous cells. There are several different types of neck dissection procedures. The best type for each patient will be determined after a thorough evaluation of your condition by an experienced doctor.

  • Contact us to learn more about Removal of Cervical Lymph Nodes and Neck Dissection.

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Nasal and Laryngeal Endoscopy

An endoscopy of the larynx and nasal passages is a minimally invasive diagnostic procedure performed using a local, topical anesthetic during a routine visit to our Los Angeles area office. During the procedure, a thin, flexible camera, known as an endoscope, is passed through the nostril to provide a detailed view of the nasal passages, sinuses and larynx. This allows for a complete evaluation of these structures, the results of which can be digitally recorded and reviewed with the patient immediately after the procedure.

  • Contact us to learn more about Nasal and Laryngeal Endoscopy.

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Fine Needle Biopsy

Fine needle biopsy removes samples of tumor tissue using a thin, hollow needle to determine whether the lesion is cancerous or noncancerous. Performed under a local anesthetic in our Santa Monica office, this procedure involves inserting the needle directly into the site of the lesion to withdraw a sample of tissue or fluid. It can be used on nearly any area of the body, including the thyroid and lymph nodes. This procedure can also be performed to evaluate how well treatment is working or to determine is a mass is a solid or a cyst.

  • Contact us to learn more about Fine Needle Biopsy.

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Ultrasound Guided Biopsy

Ultrasound guided biopsy uses ultrasound imaging to ensure that tissue samples are accurately obtained from the site of the abnormality, and is usually performed with a local anesthetic. Once the site of the abnormality is found on the ultrasound, a small incision is made and a thin needle is inserted to draw out the tissue samples. The ultrasound provides real-time imaging to verify that the needle is in the correct area, ensuring accurate test results.

  • Contact us to learn more about Ultrasound Guided Biopsy.

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Endoscopic Guided Biopsy

An endoscopic guided biopsy uses a thin, lighted, flexible camera known as an endoscope to obtain tissue samples of suspicious-looking head and neck masses. The endoscope contains a port through which small instruments can be inserted in order to remove a sample of tissue, which is then sent to a pathology lab for detailed testing. The results will confirm whether or not the masses are cancerous, as well as possible treatment plans. Endoscopy is an outpatient procedure performed using a local anesthetic.

  • Contact us to learn more about Endoscopic Guided Biopsy.

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Imaging Studies

CT, MRI and PET

p-iStock_000010413849XSmallCT, MRI and PET scans are imaging modalities that can play a valuable role in detecting cancer, as well as monitoring its response to therapy. Since each modality has its own advantages, most patients will benefit from multiple imaging examinations to fully evaluate their individual condition. Your doctor will discuss the reasoning, results and potential implications of each procedure with your prior to the exam.

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